The Kaleidoscope Club is committed to building a ‘culture of safety’ in which the children in our care are protected from abuse, harm and radicalisation.
The Club will respond promptly and appropriately to all incidents or concerns regarding the safety of a child that may occur. The Club’s child protection procedures comply with all relevant legislation and with guidance issued by the London Borough of Barnet.
There is a Child Protection Officer (CPO) available at all times while the Club is in session. The CPO coordinates child protection issues and liaises with external agencies (eg Social Care and Ofsted).
The Club’s designated CPO is Jayne Jones. The deputy manager is also a designated safeguarding contact in the absence of the manager.
CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT
Child abuse is any form of physical, emotional or sexual mistreatment or lack of care that leads to injury or harm. An individual may abuse or neglect a child directly, or by failing to protect them from harm. Some forms of child abuse and neglect are listed below.
Emotional abuse is the persistent emotional maltreatment of a child so as to cause severe and persistent adverse effects on the child’s emotional development. It may involve making the child feel that they are worthless, unloved, or inadequate. Some level of emotional abuse is involved in all types of maltreatment of a child, though it may occur alone.
Physical abuse can involve hitting, shaking, throwing, poisoning, burning, drowning, suffocating or otherwise causing physical harm to a child. Physical harm may be also caused when a parent or carer feigns the symptoms of, or deliberately causes, ill health to a child.
Sexual abuse involves forcing or enticing a child to take part in sexual activities, whether or not the child is aware of what is happening. This can involve physical contact, or non-contact activities such as showing children sexual activities or encouraging them to behave in sexually inappropriate ways.
Neglect is the persistent failure to meet a child’s basic physical and emotional needs. It can involve a failure to provide adequate food, clothing and shelter, to protect a child from physical and emotional harm, to ensure adequate supervision or to allow access to medical treatment.
SIGNS OF CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT
Signs of possible abuse and neglect may include:
significant changes in a child's behaviour
deterioration in a child’s general well-being
unexplained bruising or marks
comments made by a child which give cause for concern
reasons to suspect neglect or abuse outside the setting, eg in the child’s home, or that a girl may have been subjected to (or is at risk of) female genital mutilation, or that the child may have witnessed domestic abuse
inappropriate behaviour displayed by a member of staff, or any other person. For example, inappropriate sexual comments, excessive one-to-one attention beyond the requirements of their role, or inappropriate sharing of images.
IF ABUSE IS SUSPECTED OR DISCLOSED
When a child makes a disclosure to a member of staff, that member of staff will:
reassure the child that they were not to blame and were right to speak out
listen to the child but not question them
give reassurance that the staff member will take action
record the incident as soon as possible (see Logging an incident below).
If a member of staff witnesses or suspects abuse, they will record the matter straightaway using the Logging a concern form. If a third party expresses concern that a child is being abused, we will encourage them to contact Social Care directly. If they will not do so, we will explain that the Club is obliged to and the incident will be logged accordingly.
Children are vulnerable to abuse by their peers. Peer-on-peer abuse is taken seriously by staff and will be subject to the same child protection procedures as other forms of abuse. Staff are aware of the potential uses of information technology for bullying and abusive behaviour between young people.
Staff will not dismiss abusive behaviour as normal between young people. The presence of one or more of the following in relationships between children should always trigger concern about the possibility of peer-on-peer abuse:
Sexual activity (in primary school-aged children) of any kind, including sexting
One of the children is significantly more dominant than the other (eg much older)
One of the children is significantly more vulnerable than the other (eg in terms of disability, confidence, physical strength)
There has been some use of threats, bribes or coercion to ensure compliance or secrecy.
IF PEER-ON-PEER ABUSE IS SUSPECTED OR DISCLOSED
We will follow the same procedures as set out above for responding to child abuse.
EXTREMISM AND RADICALISATION
All childcare settings have a legal duty to protect children from the risk of radicalisation and being drawn into extremism. There are many reasons why a child might be vulnerable to radicalisation, eg:
feeling alienated or alone
seeking a sense of identity or individuality
suffering from mental health issues such as depression
desire for adventure or wanting to be part of a larger cause
associating with others who hold extremist beliefs
SIGNS OF RADICALISATION
Signs that a child might be at risk of radicalisation include:
changes in behaviour, for example becoming withdrawn or aggressive
claiming that terrorist attacks and violence are justified
viewing violent extremist material online
possessing or sharing violent extremist material
If a member of staff suspects that a child is at risk of becoming radicalised, they will record any relevant information or observations on a Logging a concern form, and refer the matter to the CPO.
LOGGING A CONCERN
All information about the suspected abuse or disclosure, or concern about radicalisation, will be recorded on the Logging a concern form as soon as possible after the event. The record should include:
date of the disclosure, or the incident, or the observation causing concern
date and time at which the record was made
name and date of birth of the child involved
a factual report of what happened. If recording a disclosure, you must use the child’s own words
name, signature and job title of the person making the record.
The record will be given to the Club’s CPO who will decide on the appropriate course of action.
For concerns about child abuse, the CPO will contact Social Care. The CPO will follow up all referrals to Social Care in writing within 48 hours. If a member of staff thinks that the incident has not been dealt with properly, they may contact Social Care directly.
For minor concerns regarding radicalisation, the CPO will contact the Local Authority Prevent coordinator.. For more serious concerns the CPO will contact the Police on the non-emergency number (101), or the anti-terrorist hotline on 0800 789 321. For urgent concerns the CPO will contact the Police using 999.
ALLEGATIONS AGAINST STAFF
If anyone makes an allegation of child abuse against a member of staff:
The allegation will be recorded on an Incident record form. Any witnesses to the incident should sign and date the entry to confirm it.
The allegation must be reported to the Local Authority Designated Officer (LADO) and to Ofsted. The LADO will advise if other agencies (eg police) should be informed, and the Club will act upon their advice. Any telephone reports to the LADO will be followed up in writing within 48 hours.
Following advice from the LADO, it may be necessary to suspend the member of staff pending full investigation of the allegation.
If appropriate, the Club will make a referral to the Disclosure and Barring Service.
PROMOTING AWARENESS AMONG STAFF
The Club promotes awareness of child abuse and the risk of radicalisation through its staff training. The Club ensures that:
the designated CPO has relevant experience and receives appropriate training in safeguarding and the Prevent Duty, and is aware of the Channel Programme and how to access it
designated person training is refreshed every two years
safe recruitment practices are followed for all new staff
all staff have a copy of this Safeguarding policy, understand its contents and are vigilant to signs of abuse, neglect or radicalisation
all staff are aware of their statutory duties with regard to the disclosure or discovery of child abuse, and concerns about radicalisation
all staff receive basic safeguarding training, and safeguarding is a permanent agenda item at all staff meetings
all staff receive basic training in the Prevent Duty
staff are familiar with the Safeguarding File which is kept in the Kaleidoscope designated classroom cupboard.
the Club’s procedures are in line with the guidance in ‘Working Together to Safeguard Children (2018)’ and staff are familiar with ‘What To Do If You’re Worried A Child Is Being Abused (2015)’.
USE OF MOBILE PHONES AND CAMERAS
Photographs will only be taken of children with their parents’ permission. Only the club camera will be used to take photographs of children at the Club, except with the express permission of the manager. Neither staff nor children nor visitors may use their mobile phones to take photographs at the Club. For more details see our Mobile Phone Policy.
Social Care: 0800 389 8312
Social Care out of hours contact: 0208 359 2000
LADO (Local Authority Designated Officer):0208 359 4066
Local Authority Prevent Co-ordinator: 0800 389 8313
Police: 101 (non-emergency) or 999 (emergency)
Anti-terrorist hotline: 0800 789 321
NSPCC: 0808 800 500
Ofsted: 0300 123 1231
MASH team (worried about a child) 0208 359 4066
Written in accordance with the Statutory Framework for the Early Years Foundation Stage (2017): Safeguarding and Welfare requirements: Child Protection [3.4-3.8] and Suitable People [3.9-3.13].
British Values Policy
PROMOTING BRITISH VALUES
British Values are represented in the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS). EYFS stipulates in the four overarching principles that:
Every child is Unique, is a resilient, capable, confident and self-assured learner
That children learn to be strong and independent through positive relationships
They learn and develop well in enabling environments where their experiences respond to individual needs and there are strong relationships between practitioners, parents or carers.
Children learn and develop in different ways and at different rates.
At ‘The Kaleidoscope Club’ we value all children and families attending. We promote mutual respect and provide an inclusive setting that welcomes all. We endeavour to encourage children to become independent learners so;
They can make their own choices
Build and develop strong relationships and friendships with lots of people.
We want children to join in and try their best and to follow simple rules.
All these things are the foundations for growing into good citizens, promoting the ‘British Values’ of Democracy, The Rules of the Law, Individual Liberty, Mutual Respect and Tolerance.
IN THIS SETTING WE PROMOTE:
Personal Social and Emotional Development
Sharing ideas and experiences
Planning their own activities
Personal Social and Emotional Development/Understanding the World
Understanding that all children are different and they all develop at different rates with different needs
We work hard to build relationships with the different families that attend
We celebrate all special occasions and festivals that are important to all families attending and the wider world.
Personal Social and Emotional Development/Understanding the World
Children can spend part of the day choosing their own activities
Children can choose what they would like to eat from a selection during snack time
We celebrate individual likes and interests and incorporate them into our planning
THE RULE OF LAW
Personal Social and Emotional Development
We expect all children to follow my realistic, simple rules
Children understand why we need to have simple rules – to keep them safe and to make things fair
Our policies and procedures make sure we are consistent and have clear expectations that all are aware of.
We promote respect and tolerance of all people, faith, cultures and languages
We display positive images that reflect diversity in our resources
We ensure that we offer children exposure to a wide range of cultures while they are with us.
At ‘The Kaleidoscope Club’ we aim to work in partnership with parents to deliver a high quality childcare service for everyone. If for any reason we fall short of this goal, we would like to be informed in order to amend our practices for the future. Our complaints policy is displayed on the premises at all times. Records of all complaints are kept for at least three years. A summary of complaints is available for parents on request. The manager is usually responsible for dealing with complaints. If the complaint is about the manager, the registered person or other senior member of staff will investigate the matter. Any complaints received about staff members will be recorded on an Incident log and a Complaints log will be completed. Any complaints made will be dealt with in the following manner:
Complaints about aspects of club activity:
The manager will discuss the matter informally with the parent or carer concerned and aim to reach a satisfactory resolution.
Complaints about an individual staff member:
If appropriate the parent will be encouraged to discuss the matter with staff concerned.
If the parent feels that this is not appropriate, the matter will be discussed with the manager, who will then discuss the complaint with the staff member and try to reach a satisfactory resolution.
If it is impossible to reach a satisfactory resolution to the complaint through informal discussion, the parent or carer should put their complaint in writing to the manager.
THE MANAGER WILL:
Acknowledge receipt of the letter within 7 days.
Investigate the matter and notify the complainant of the outcome within 28 days.
Send a full response in writing, to all relevant parties, including details of any recommended changes to be made to the Club’s practices or policies as a result of the complaint.
Meet relevant parties to discuss the Club’s response to the complaint, either together or on an individual basis. If child protection issues are raised, the manager will refer the situation to the Club’s Child Protection Officer, who will then contact the Local Authority Designated Officer (LADO) and follow the procedures of the Safeguarding Children Policy. If a criminal act may have been committed, the manager will contact the police.
Making a complaint to Ofsted Any parent or carer can submit a complaint to Ofsted about The Kaleidoscope Club at any time. Ofsted will consider and investigate all complaints. Ofsted’s address is: Ofsted, Piccadilly Gate, Store Street, Manchester M1 2WD Telephone: 0300 123 1231 (general enquiries) 0300 123 4666 (complaints)
This policy was adopted by: The Kaleidoscope Club Date:01/12/2019
To be reviewed: 01/12/2021 Signed: Jayne Jones
Written in accordance with the Statutory Framework for the Early Years Foundation Stage (2017): Safeguarding and Welfare Requirements: Complaints [3.74-3.75].
The Kaleidoscope club is committed to the highest standards of openness, probity and accountability. If a member of staff discovers evidence of malpractice or wrongdoing within the Club they can disclose this information internally without fear of reprisal. Our Whistleblowing policy is intended to cover concerns such as:
Financial malpractice or fraud
Failure to comply with a legal obligation
Dangers to health and safety or the environment
Improper conduct or unethical behaviour
This policy should not be used to question business decisions made by the Club, or to raise any matters that are covered under other policies (eg discrimination or racial harassment). Any allegations relating to child protection will follow the procedures set out in the Safeguarding Children policy. Any concerns relating to the employment conditions of an individual member of staff should be raised according to the procedures set out in the Staff Grievance policy.
RAISING A CONCERN
Ideally the staff member should put his or her allegations in writing, setting out the background to the situation, giving names, dates and places where possible, and the reason why they are concerned about the situation.
In the first instance concerns should be taken to the Club’s manager. If, due to the nature of the problem, this is not possible
CONSULT YOUR LOCAL AUTHORITY ON 0800 389 8312 FOR ADVICE.
If this person or body is unwilling or unable to act on the concern, the staff member should then raise it with:
Ofsted (if it concerns the safe and effective running of the club)
The Local Authority Designated Officer or the Local Safeguarding Children Board (if it concerns a child protection issue and is not already covered by the procedure set out in the Club’s Safeguarding Children policy)
Ultimately, with the police (if a crime is thought to have been committed).
If the member of staff is still uncertain about how to proceed with the concern, he or she can contact the whistle-blowing charity PCAW (Public Concern at Work) for advice.
RESPONDING TO A CONCERN
Initial enquiries will usually involve a meeting with the individual raising the concern, and will decide whether an investigation is appropriate and, if so, what form it should take. If a concern relates to issues which fall within the scope of other policies, it will be addressed under those policies.
If the initial meeting does not resolve the concern, further investigation is required. The appropriate person will investigate the concerns thoroughly, ensuring that a written response can be provided within ten working days where feasible, or if this is not possible, giving a date by which the final response can be expected. The response should include details of how the matter was investigated, conclusions drawn from the investigation, and who to contact if the member of staff is unhappy with the response and wishes to take the matter further.
RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE WHISTLE-BLOWER
All concerns will be treated in confidence and the Club will make every effort not to reveal the identity of anyone raising a concern in good faith. At the appropriate time, however, the member of staff may need to come forward as a witness.
If a member of staff raises a concern in good faith which is then not confirmed by the investigation, no action will be taken against that person.
If the investigation concludes that the member of staff maliciously fabricated the allegations, disciplinary action may be taken against that person.
LADO (Local Authority Designated Officer): 0208 359 2000
LSCB (Local Safeguarding Children Board): 0800 389 8312
Ofsted: 0300 123 1231
Protect (formerly Public Concern at Work): 020 3117 2520 (website: https://protect-advice.org.uk)
Staff Grievance policy, Safeguarding Children policy.
01. We are kind to each other.
02. We look after our toys and books.
03. We tidy up after ourselves.
04. We wash our hands before eating and after using the toilet.
05. We are proud of ourselves.
06. We help each other.